Most of them have crossed the border from Myanmar to Bangladesh and settled in the Kutupalong Refugee Camp in Cox’s Bazaar.
The Rohingya are a minority Muslim community that has seen religious prosecution in Myanmar for years. Many had already left over the past decades. However, in August 2017, the violence escalated. So, the Rohingya had to flee as their villages were burned down and their people were murdered. Today, Kutupalong is the largest refugee camp in the world.
The camp began after thousands of Rohingyas fled from the Burmese military's Operation Pyi Thaya (Operation Clean up and Beautiful Nation)
Extensive attacks upon Myanmar's Rohingya in Rakhine state, by Myanmar's military and local civilians, drove hundreds of thousands of Rohingya to flee Myanmar, into Bangladesh, swelling the camp
Since 2018, Kutupalong refugee camp has been the world's largest refugee camp
With flimsy shelters, built on steep hillsides, the camps are prone to flooding and landslides, particularly during monsoons. In August, 2018, Human Rights Watch urged Bangladesh to relocate the camps to sturdier structures, on safer ground in Cox's Bazar.
Kutupalong refugee camp and expansion site had a combined population of 598,545 and 187,423 families, with an area of just 13 square kilometres, while entire refugee camp have been 860,356.
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